Keratoconus in a Nutshell
Keratoconus is an eye condition that causes your cornea to bulge outward into a cone shape. This shape distorts the light that enters your eye, leading to blurred vision and light sensitivity.
Keratoconus generally occurs between the ages of 10 and 25. Although not much is known about how it develops, genetic and environmental factors are considered to play a role in its development.
During the earliest stages of this condition, vision issues can be managed with contact lenses or eyeglasses. However, as keratoconus progresses, you may need specialty contact lenses to manage its effect on your vision. If it progresses far enough, you may require cornea transplant surgery.
Risk factors for this condition include a family history of keratoconus, vigorously rubbing your eyes, and other health conditions like: